U.S. Statistics on Corporal Punishment by State and Race

Find the number of students paddled in your district

What Parents Can Do

What Can Kids Do About Paddling?

Corporal punishment policies
in the largest 100 U.S. school districts


U.S. Organizations Opposed to School Corporal Punishment

Newspaper Editorials

Facts vs. Opinions: School Corporal Punishment

Study: Paddling vs ACT Scores and Civil Immunity Legislation

Legislative and Grass Roots Strategies

Alternatives to School Corporal Punishment

Arguments Against Corporal Punishment

What Teens Can Do

Model State Board of Education Resolution on Banning Corporal Punishment

African American leaders call
for a ban on school corporal punishment

Forming a Coalition to Abolish
in Your School or State


Corporal Punishment Policies
in Catholic Schools


Children speak out about spanking in public schools

Ten Things We Know About Corporal Punishment

How corporal punishment was banned in Ohio public schools

A School Administrator's Testimony Against Paddling

The Paddle and The
Damage Done


To Parents of
Victimized Students

U.S.: Corporal Punishment and Paddling
Statistics by State and Race

31 States (In White) Have Banned School Corporal Punishment

Nineteen states (in red) have laws permitting corporal punishment in schools
In the 2005-2006 school year, 223,190 school children in the U.S. were subjected to physical punishment. This is a significant drop of almost 18%, continuing a steady trend from the early 1980's.
CENTER FOR EFFECTIVE DISCIPLINE

 

State Year Present Statute
Alaska 1989 AK Statutes Section 04AAC 07.010
California 1986 CA Education Code Section 49000-49001
Connecticut 1989 CT Penal Code Sec. 53a-18
Delaware 2003 DE Education Code Sec. 702
District of Columbia 1977 DC Municipal Regulations, Regulation 2403
Hawaii 1973 HI Rev. Statutes Sec. 302A-1141
Illinois 1993 IL Compiled Statutes, School Code Sec. 5/24-24
Iowa 1989 IA School Code Sec. 280.21
Maine 1975 ME Criminal Code Sec. 106
Maryland 1993 MD Code Education Sec. 7-306
Massachusetts 1971 MA General Laws , Education Sec. 37G
Michigan 1989 MI Compiled Laws, Rev. School Code Sec. 380.1312
Minnesota 1989 MN Statutes Sec. 121A.58
Montana 1991 MT Code Annotated Sec. 20-4-302
Nebraska 1988 NE Rev. Statutes Sec. 79-295
Nevada 1993 NV Rev. Statutes Sec 392.4633
New Hampshire 1983 NH Rev. Statutes Ann. Sec. 627:6

New Jersey

1867

NJ Permanent Statutes, Education 18A:6-1

New Mexico 2011 N.M. STAT. ANN. Sec. 22-5-4.3
New York 1985 NY Regulations of the Board of Regents, 8 NYCRR 19.5
North Dakota 1989 ND Century Code, Elem. and Sec. Education Sec. 15.1-19-02
Ohio 2009 Oh. Rev. Code Sec. 3319.41
Oregon 1989 OR Rev. Statutes Sec. 339.250
Pennsylvania 2005 22 PA Code CHS. 7 and l2, Sec. l2.5
Rhode Island 1977 Wolfweseder v. Woonsocket, Commissioner of Education
South Dakota 1990 SD Codified Laws, Sec. 13-32-2
Utah 1992 UT Administrative Rule R277-608
Vermont 1985 VT Statutes, Education Sec. 1161a
Virginia 1989 VA Code, Education Sec. 22.1-279.1
Washington 1993 WA Administrative Code 180-40-235
West Virginia 1994 WV Code Sec. 18A-5-1 (e)
Wisconsin 1988 WI Statute Sec. 118.31

*Dates listed are when the law was enacted, unless otherwise noted.

Some states banned corporal punishment by law and some by regulation. Some states banned corporal punishment by removing permission for its use. Contact info@stophitting.org for specific information.


Corporal Punishment in U.S. Public Schools
2005-2006 School Year: data released March, 2008

In the 2005-2006 school year, 223,190 school children in the U.S. were subjected to physical punishment. This is a significant drop of almost 18%, continuing a steady trend from the early 1980's.

State
Number of Students Hit
Number of IDEA Students Hit
Total Number of Students Hit
Percentage of Total Students
Alabama
33,716
381
34,097
4.6
Arkansas
22,314
261
22,575
4.7
Arizona
16
0
16
<0.0
Colorado
8
0
8
<0.0
Florida
7,185
118
7,303
.3
Georgia
18,249
155
18,404
1.1
Idaho
111
20
131
.05
Indiana
577
36
613
.05
Kansas
50
4
54
.01
Kentucky
2,209
1
2.210
.3
Louisiana
11,080
11
11,091
1.7
Missouri
5,159
35
5,194
.6
Mississippi
38,131
83
38,214
7.5
North Carolina
2,705
31
2,736
.2
New Mexico
705
44
749
.2
Ohio
672
0
672
.04
Oklahoma
14,828
325
15,153
2.4
South Carolina
1,409
12
1,421
.2
Tennessee
14,868
33
14,901
1.5
Texas
49,197
1,973
51,170
1.1
Wyoming
0
0
0
0

The 10 worst states, by percentage of students struck
by educators in the 2005-2006 school year:

Rank
State
Percentage
1
Mississippi
7.5
2
Arkansas
4.7
3
Alabama
4.5
4
Oklahoma
2.3
5
Louisiana
1.7
6
Tennessee
1.5
7
Texas
1.1
8
Georgia
1.1
9
Missouri
.6
10
Florida
.3

Notes:

African-American students comprise 17% of all public school students in the U.S., but are 36% of those who have corporal punishment inflicted on them, more than twice the rate of white students.

Almost 40% of all the cases of corporal punishment occur in just two states: Texas and Mississippi, and if we add Arkansas, Alabama and Georgia, these five states account for almost three quarters of all the nation's school paddlings.


Number of Students Struck Each Year in U.S. Public Schools

YEAR # WHITE % # BLACK % TOT. KIDS HIT %
1976 992,675 65 447,314 29 1,521,896 3.5
1978 940,467 65 411,271 29 1,438,317 3.4
1980 901,032 64 403,386 29 1,408,303 3.4
1982 no statistical projection was made this year
1984 852,427 64 374,315 28 1,332,317 3.3
1986 659,224 60 345,411 31 1,099,731 2.7
1988 549,572 61 255,296 28 898,370 2.2
1990 346,488 56 208,543 34 613,760 1.5
1992 295,050 53 215,684 39 555,531 1.3
1994 256,363 54 182,394 39 470,683 1.1
1997 241,406 53 178,114 39 457,754 1.0
1998 199,572 55 135,523 37 365,058 0.8
2000 181,689 53 132,065 39 342,038 0.7
2003 159,446 53 115,819 38 301,016 0.6
2004 143,002 53 104,627 38 272,028 0.57
2006 119,339 53 79,613 36 223,190 0.46

About the Study:

The above data and more information about the study can be found at the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights http://ocrdata.ed.gov/

Here's how to find corporal punishment data for your school district and school:

To get corporal punishment data from your school or school district, go to this website:

http://ocrdata.ed.gov/


Depending on whether you are searching for district survey results or results from a specific school, go to the "school search" or "district search" screen, fill out the form field, check the latest year of available data, and press "Search."

On the right side of the screen that comes up, go to "DISCIPLINE."

To find out the number of students receiving corporal punishment, choose from among the options on discipline – Discipline and Disability, Discipline of Students With Disabilities and Discipline of Students Without Disabilities.

The latest data available is for the 2006 year. 2006 Civil Rights Data Collection contains information on 5,929 public school districts and 62,484 schools in those school districts. Your district and school may not be among those not sampled. You can also request a copy of your school district's corporal punishment statistics (school building and district information) from previous years from the district board of education office. Corporal punishment data is public information.

Center for Effective Discipline July 1, 2010

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