U.S. Statistics on Corporal Punishment by State and Race

Find the number of students paddled in your district

What Parents Can Do

What Can Kids Do About Paddling?

Corporal punishment policies
in the largest 100 U.S. school districts

U.S. Organizations Opposed to School Corporal Punishment

Newspaper Editorials

Facts vs. Opinions: School Corporal Punishment

Study: Paddling vs ACT Scores and Civil Immunity Legislation

Legislative and Grass Roots Strategies

Alternatives to School Corporal Punishment

Arguments Against Corporal Punishment

What Teens Can Do

Model State Board of Education Resolution on Banning Corporal Punishment

African American leaders call
for a ban on school corporal punishment

Forming a Coalition to Abolish
in Your School or State

Corporal Punishment Policies
in Catholic Schools

Children speak out about spanking in public schools

Ten Things We Know About Corporal Punishment

How corporal punishment was banned in Ohio public schools

A School Administrator's Testimony Against Paddling

The Paddle and The
Damage Done

To Parents of
Victimized Students

PROCLAMATION signed by African American Leaders


WHEREAS, corporal punishment is defined as the intentional infliction of physical pain for purposes of stopping or preventing misbehavior, and

WHEREAS, corporal punishment in schools is disproportionately used on African-American children, and

WHEREAS, anger and violence can get out of control with corporal punishment causing injuries such as bleeding, bruises, and broken bones, and

WHEREAS, corporal punishment conveys a message to children that violence is an acceptable method for dealing with conflict, and

WHEREAS, overwhelming evidence suggests that other methods of discipline work better like setting reasonable rules and standards, correcting children in a respectful, non-violent and consistent manner, praise and reward for appropriate behavior.

WHEREAS, all children deserve to be able to learn in a safe and supportive learning environment free from corporal punishment.

NOW, THEREFORE, we urge all school boards to ban corporal punishment and we urge state legislators in all states allowing its use to pass legislation ending school corporal punishment.



Dr. Alvin Poussaint Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School and Judge Baker Children's Center; Boston, MA
Julian Bond Chairman of the Board of NAACP, Baltimore, MD
Kweisi Mfume Past President & CEO of NAACP; Baltimore, MD
Reverend Jesse Jackson, Sr. Founder & President of PUSH/EXCEL; Chicago, IL
Marc H. Morial President & CEO of Urban League; New York, NY
Dr. Michelle Clark Committee on Black Psychiatrists, American Psychiatric Assn.; Los Angeles, CA
Dr. Winston Price President of National Medical Association; Washington, DC
Marion Wright Edelman President of Children's Defense Fund; Washington, DC
Dr. Deloris M. Saunders President of National Alliance of Black School Educators; Washington, DC
Dr. Michael Lomax President & CEO of United Negro College Fund; Fairfax, VA
Brother Reynaldo S. Taylor President, Nat'l Black Catholic Seminarian Assn; Cincinnati, OH
Bishop E. Earl McCloud Ecumenical Officer, AME Church; Atlanta, GA
Bishop Phillip Robert Cousin Fourth Episcopal District, AME Church; Chicago, IL
Bishop Cornal Garnett Henning Eighth Episcopal District, AME Church; New Orleans, LA
Bishop McKinley Young Eleventh Episcopal District, AME Church; Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Carl C. Bell President & CEO of Community Mental Health Council; Chicago, IL
Dr. Marilyn Benoit Past President of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Washington, DC
Yvette McGee Brown President of Child and Family Advocacy Center; Columbus, OH
Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth Past President of Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Judith Jackson President of National Association of Black Social Workers; Washington, DC

Compiled by Dr. Alvin Poussaint and EPOCH-USA (End Physical Punishment of Children), Columbus, OH 43215, Nadine Block Co-Chair

More information on the problems of corporal punishment and especially its effects on the African-American population


Corporal punishment is associated with poorer academic achievement, more vandalism, more truancy, and higher dropout rates.

Over 100 nations have banned school corporal punishment. Twenty-nine states have banned it and 94 of the 100 largest U.S. school systems have done so. In many of the largest cities where corporal punishment is allowed, African-American students make up a majority of the school population.

Twenty-one states still allow corporal punishment. Over 300,000 students were hit in U.S. schools in 2002-03 according to the U.S. Department of Education.

According to the U.S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, African-American school children are disproportionately affected by corporal punishment. They are hit at twice the rate of other students, and in some large city school districts, they are hit at five times the rate of other children.

The majority of states with the most school corporal punishment also have the highest proportion of their adult population incarcerated. In 2003, about one million African American men were incarcerated.

There are psychological roots for support of corporal punishment. Corporal punishment was widely used on slaves in the U.S. Slaves, in turn, hit their own children so they would be controlled and "invisible" to slavers who might take them.

Corporal punishment is not used as a "last resort" according to many studies. It is often used as a first punishment for minor and non-violent misbehaviors.

Anger and violence can easily escalate out of control. Bruises, bleeding and broken bones are not uncommon paddling injuries.

More than fifty national organizations have called for a ban on school corporal punishment. They include the National Medical Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Bar Association, the National PTA, the National Education Association, the Child Welfare League of America, the American Association of School Administrators and many more. The United Methodist Church, the second biggest Protestant denomination, has called for a ban on school corporal punishment.

Source: EPOCH-USA (End Physical Punishment of Children),
155 W. Main Street, #1603, Columbus, OH 43215 (614)221-8829
Contact: Nadine Block, Co-Chair EPOCH-USA
Date: December, 2004

back to top

The Center For Effective Discipline
327 Groveport Pike, Canal Winchester, Ohio, U.S.A. 43110 | Telephone: (614) 834-7946 | Fax: (614) 321-6308